Ching, D., Bellodas, A. (2018). Propuesta de mejora basada en la metodología de las 5S para aumentar la productividad en la empresa Industria de la Hebilla S.A.C. en el año 2018 [Tesis, Universidad Privada del Norte]. https://hdl.handle.net/11537/15255
Ching, D., Bellodas, A. Propuesta de mejora basada en la metodología de las 5S para aumentar la productividad en la empresa Industria de la Hebilla S.A.C. en el año 2018 [Tesis]. PE: Universidad Privada del Norte; 2018. https://hdl.handle.net/11537/15255
title = "Propuesta de mejora basada en la metodología de las 5S para aumentar la productividad en la empresa Industria de la Hebilla S.A.C. en el año 2018",
author = "Bellodas Távara, Armenia",
publisher = "Universidad Privada del Norte",
year = "2018"
ABSTRACT In the present, many organizations face the need to improve their processes with the intention of reducing their inefficiencies and in this way be more competitive. Due to this, several techniques encompassed under the concept of continuous improvement have been developed to offer companies practical methodologies that can be adapted to their needs and the reality of their internal processes. Among them, the methodology of the 5S has been implemented by many world class companies that have seen the need to apply classification, organization and cleaning models as part of the implementation of a quality system and improvements. Taking into account the premises described above, improvements were proposed through this research based on the 5S methodology to increase productivity in the company Industria de la Hebilla S.A.C. in 2018, given the situation detected in the company, which revealed a set of situations or failures related to efficiency, in which there is evidence of non-compliance with the elements associated with the 5S methodology, which demonstrate the need to undertake actions related to order, cleanliness, standardization and productivity, which guarantee the sustainability of the organization's time and that allow the personnel to be involved in these actions. For the diagnosis it was proceeded to apply a check list or observation guide, which served as a reference to researchers to visually verify the state of the production area in relation to the elements associated with the 5S that negatively affect the productivity of the company, and an inspection list accompanied by an interview to know the level of progress in the application of actions related to the 5S to leave evidence of the initial situation. In this sense, it was obtained that at present 5.73% of the total space of the plant is occupied by waste, areas occupied by equipment in disuse or spaces occupied by incorrectly located products; In addition, activities related to the 5S have been developed by 33% before the development of the study and its proposals. Then a survey was applied to the staff to know their opinions regarding the degree of progress of the initiatives related to the 5S in the company, to obtain the main factors that affect the productivity of the company and that serve as a reference for the construction of the proposal: application of standardized methodologies to analyze the root cause of the problems; formats to verify order activities of areas and materials; selection of necessary and unnecessary items in your workplace; rules and procedures for performing their functions and ways to comply with the changes suggested by employees With this information, the proposal was made, which was focused on developing activities whose implementation will contribute to increasing the company's productivity, as well as creating a safe, organized and clean work environment. Among these activities are: elimination of unused spaces by waste, poorly located material or not suitable for work; notification of tools and instruments in poor condition; selection and identification of areas for placement of materials and tools, cleaning action plan and the initial plan of cleaning, information gathering to define elements to be standardized, the informative instructions are elaborated, and a cleaning plan revision is made. Finally, a personnel training plan and an audit to evaluate and correct the activities carried out are proposed. With the proposed activities, it is expected that in three months the actions related to the 5S will be fulfilled by 85%. In terms of economic benefits, an investment of S. / 24 051.46 soles is estimated for the implementation of the proposal and its post-implementation activities in a period of one year, compared to the benefits estimated in the same period. (S / 60 342.14), a net benefit of 36 290.68 soles is expected for the first year of implementation. Finally, the expected results were analyzed with the possible implementation of the proposal for improvements based on the 5S methodology. For this purpose, five management indicators were defined to measure the performance of the production process and in accordance with the needs of the organization. which are: efficiency, expressed in an increase in production by 4.92%; efficiency; which is measured by the levels of waste, of which a decrease of 2.15% is expected; effectiveness, manifested in the production levels per hour, of which an increase of 8.81% is projected with the implementation of the improvements; quality, which is measured in the total conforming product, which is expected an increase of 3.59% and economy, expressed in a variation of 4.06% improvement in the use of economic resources used for production..
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